February 25, 2008
Law Minister Echoes PM’s Call To Simplify Laws*
By Mukesh Jhangiani
United News of India
New Delhi (UNI) – A call Prime Minister Manmohan Singh gave some three years ago but has yet to be acted on was echoed today by Minister of State for Law and Justice K Venkatapathy: simplify laws.
Dr Singh’s call to simplify the language of Indian laws was made at the launch of India’s first national legal literacy mission: 2005-10 on March 26, 2005.
”The complex legal language of our statutes acts as a hurdle to legal literacy… compounded by the intricacies of legal language in judicial pronouncements,” Dr Singh told the meeting attended by lawyers, judges and other experts.
”An attempt should be made to simplify the language of the law so that any one who reads judgements and laws can easily understand their true meaning.”
”Great speed” was thus emphasised by Venkatapathy in taking forward the objectives of the National Legal Literacy Mission.
The Law Minister said it was important to ensure that people have the ability to approach a legal institution and claim the enforcement of a right.
He wanted procedures to be made as simple as possible to facilitate access and told institutions to ensure that remedies ”in fact” reach those who need them the most.
Six decades after Independence, Venkatapathy voiced ”great satisfaction” that the concept of legal aid and advice ”has now been evolved” and recognised as a statutorily guaranteed right to ”legal service.”
Venkatapathy said judicial pronouncements have only reinforced the view of evolving the right to free legal aid services as an essential element of ”reasonable, fair and just procedure” vis–vis the poor and needy.
But he stressed steps to spread awareness of the legal provisions and institutions which can help secure these rights.
The Minister also stressed the role of law as an instrument to dispensing justice to the aggrieved and asked agencies to take special care to ensure speedy justice to women.
He pointed out that although the Constitution assured each citizen political, social and economic justice, assurance of political justice is of no substance if citizens are perpetually denied social or economic rights.
Likewise, social justice would be a hollow proposition unless accompanied by just distribution of economic resources with equitable access to opportunities, he said.
Noting that India’s national and state legislatures have contributed by enacting a plethora of social welfare laws, he said the executive is duty-bound to enforce the rights and make them meaningful.
He acknowledged that promises of equality, liberty and justice to everyone remain mostly a dream for the masses.
— Strengthen State and District Legal Services Authorities;
— Establish Taluka Legal Aid Libraries;
— Simplify language of Law;
— Set up Permanent Lok Adalats in all departments and ministries;
— Ensure Peoples participation in administration of Justice;
— Augment Fast Track Courts;
— Establish Mediation and Conciliation Centres for Women at each Taluka;
— Establish Alternate Dispute Redressal Mechanisms at Courts;
— Establish Family Courts, Parvarik Lok Adalats, in every village;
— Carry out mobile grassroots legal literacy campaigns.